Clinical Toxicology/Special Chemistry

UF Health Pathology Laboratories' Clinical Toxicology/Special Chemistry Laboratory focuses on testing for the confirmation of positive immunoassay screens for drugs in urine; and testing patients being counseled by pain-management centers.

In collaboration with the University of Florida Clinical Toxicology Laboratory, our Clinical Toxicology Laboratory tests subjects for a variety of different drug classes, including:
  • Amphetamines
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Cannabinoids (marijuana and derivatives)
  • Cocaine
  • Ethanol
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Opioids
While traditional use of urine drug tests (UDT) is to identify if a patient has been abusing drugs, new applications involve using it to ensure if a patient has been taking prescribed drugs as directed. Medication diversion, when a drug is not used as prescribed and instead is channeled into unlawful distribution or use, is a significant problem for pain clinics where opioids are often prescribed. UDT can help play an important role in this setting by identifying if prescribed medications are present in appropriate levels in a patient’s urine. Pain management testing is just one of the clinical applications that utilize UDT. Other applications can include:
  • Drug-recovery networks
  • Drug testing for athletes
  • Testing patients who present to an emergency department
  • Employee drug testing